How Does Credit Card Debt Affect Getting a Mortgage?
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Credit card debt can definitely make it difficult for you to get a mortgage but it certainly does not make it impossible.
Mortgage lenders look at a number of different factors besides your debt and you can use these other factors to your advantage.
Today, I’ll be discussing how lenders view your mortgage application and what steps you can take in order to ensure its approval.
What Factors do Mortgage Lenders Look at when Reviewing a Mortgage Application?
If you have credit card debt, this could affect your chances of getting approved as an outstanding credit card balance indicates to a lender that you’re having financial difficulties.
Of course, they’re going to be apprehensive about giving you a mortgage loan if they feel you’ll have difficulty paying them back.
However, this isn’t the only factor they’re going to be looking at.
One of the factors they will look at is your monthly income. This not only includes your monthly salary but all other forms of income as well such as money you may be getting from investments or properties you may have rented out.
This will help them get an estimate of how much money you receive on a monthly basis.
Once they have information about how much you earn, they will start looking at your monthly expenditures. This includes your basic living costs as well as any monthly payments you’ve been making towards the outstanding balance on your credit card.
Always remember that if you’re making regular payments towards your credit card debt, this will work favourably towards your chances of having your mortgage approved.
Once a lender has a rough estimate of your monthly income as well as your monthly expenditure, they will run what’s called an ‘affordability assessment’.
This will help them determine how much you can afford to pay back towards your mortgage loan every month.
They will also ‘stress test’ this by estimating if you’ll be able to handle the mortgage monthly payments if the interest rate were to increase or if your monthly income were to decrease, etc.
Your debt-to-income ratio is also something that a lot of lenders will look at.
Your debt-to-income ratio, as the name suggests, looks at how much of your income goes towards your debt. The lower this ratio, the higher the chances that a lender will approve your mortgage application.
Another thing that lenders will consider is your credit utilisation rate. This is the amount of credit you are using compared to the amount of credit that is available to you.
You want your credit utilisation rate to be as low as possible (below 30%).
You must also keep in mind that too many rejected credit applications also reflect poorly on a lender assessing your application.
A high number of rejected credit applications may suggest to lenders that you’re in serious financial trouble or that you’re often not punctual with your payments.
Hence, you should always do your research and apply to mortgage providers carefully. You should always apply to mortgage providers where you feel there’s a high chance that your application will be approved.
This is because, as we mentioned above, too many rejected applications may drop you down into a hole from where it could be very difficult to get out of.
How much Influence does Credit Card Debt have on the Success of an Application?
Obviously, having debt has a negative impact on your chances to secure a mortgage. All types of debt show up on your credit history and bring down your credit rating.
However, what’s more important is the type of debt you have and the circumstances surrounding the debt.
The types of credit cards you have as well as the outstanding balance on each of these credit cards could have a major effect on your chances to get a mortgage.
Oftentimes, the most important factor is the circumstances leading up to how you accumulated your credit card debt.
Lenders are more favourable towards you if you can pinpoint towards a significant event that caused you to end up in so much debt such as an accident or an illness.
They will be more understanding if this is the case, especially if you tell them what you’re doing to take care of the credit card debt in the present as well.
Of course, mortgage lenders will not be favourable towards you if you simply accumulated debt only because of reckless spending.
Does My Credit Score Affect My Chances of Securing a Mortgage?
Of course. When you apply for a mortgage, your credit score is one of the first things that a mortgage provider looks at.
As I mentioned earlier, having debt isn’t too big of an issue as long you’ve been making regular payments towards those debts each month.
Being punctual with your payments can actually boost your credit score by a lot.
Even if you have a poor credit score, you can explain to the mortgage provider why it’s in that state.
Again, as I mentioned earlier, if you can point to a specific event that caused it to become this poor, this will most likely work in your favour.
What are Some Things I can Do to Improve My Chances of My Application being Approved?
Before applying for a mortgage, here are some things you should definitely think about doing:
Pay Your Credit Card Debt Entirely
If you can afford to pay off your credit card debt entirely, then you should definitely do so before looking for a mortgage.
You can also opt for a ‘full and final’ settlement offer if your credit card company agrees.
Close any Credit Card Accounts You Don’t Use
As I briefly mentioned earlier, your credit utilisation rate is something that a mortgage provider will most certainly look at when trying to determine whether you should be approved or not.
Having multiple credit cards, even if you’re not using them, increases your total credit limit across all of your credit cards.
This can have a very negative impact on your mortgage application.
Thus, when you’re looking for a mortgage with credit card debt, it’s a good idea to close any unused accounts you may have and keep your outstanding balance low on the ones you’re using.
Minimise Your Monthly Spending
As I mentioned earlier, lenders will look at your monthly expenditures when reviewing your request.
Thus, it’s a good idea to set a strict budget for yourself and stick to it in the months leading up to your review.
Remember that lenders will ask for your bank statements in order for you to prove your monthly expenditures.
Pay More than the Minimum Deposit
If you can afford it, you should pay more than the minimum initial deposit for your property. This will definitely act in your favour and raise the chances of you being able to secure a mortgage.
Many people feel that having credit card debt pretty much kills all chances they have of being able to secure a mortgage.
The truth is that while it may make things difficult, it can still be done with the right planning, research and approach.