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Should I Repay My Student Loan? 2024 Debt Rules

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Scott Nelson

Managing Director

MoneyNerd’s founder, Scott Nelson, has a decade of financial industry experience, including 6 years in FCA regulated loan and credit card companies. Troubled by a lack of conscience in the industry, he founded MoneyNerd to give genuine advice to those in debt and struggling financially.

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Janine
Janine Marsh Profile Picture

Janine Marsh

Financial Expert

Janine Marsh is an award-winning presenter and a valuable member of the MoneyNerd team. With a wealth of experience as a financial expert, she's been featured on BBC Radio 4, BBC Local Radio, and BBC Five Live, and is a regular on Co-op Radio.

Learn more about Janine
· Feb 8th, 2024
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Should I Repay My Student Loan

For free & impartial money advice you can visit MoneyHelper. We work with The Debt Advice Service who provide information about your options. This isn’t a full fact-find, some debt solutions may not be suitable in all circumstances, ongoing fees might apply & your credit rating may be affected.

Are you trying to figure out how to deal with your student loan debt? You’ve come to the right place, and we’re here to help you understand the 2023 debt rules.

  • We’ll first help you understand the type of your student loan.
  • Next, we’ll show you how student loans are different from other debts.
  • Then, we’ll guide you on how to handle multiple debts.
  • We’ll also discuss whether it’s better to save or repay your loan.
  • Finally, we’ll provide advice if you’re struggling with unaffordable debt.

Over 170,000 people visit our site each month to get advice on debt solutions. They trust us because we know what it’s like to deal with student loans. We’ve been there, and we’ve guided many people to figure out their best next move.

Let’s tackle your student loan debt together!

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This isn’t a full fact find. MoneyNerd doesn’t give advice. We work with The Debt Advice Service who provide information about your options.

STEP #1: Save or Repay?

Definitely, save.

If you have a post-1998 loan and spare cash to clear it, your best option is to refrain from paying such a cheap loan off more quickly than necessary.

Here is why:

 1) Your Savings Can Be Huge

For the basic-rate taxpayer, the cost of a student loan is usually way lesser than the interest they can earn in a top bank account.

If we take into consideration the fact that all savings accounts now give you ALL the interest (tax-free – see Personal Savings Allowance introduced April 2017), it is much better to save any excess money you have (instead of repaying a cheap loan).

In other words, if the loan is costing you less than what you can earn from after-tax savings, then saving is probably a better option for you.

Now, you may think that the current savings rates are rather low so “Is saving still worth it?”. I bet there are a few accounts that comprise a much more beneficial deal for you than paying off a student loan taken out after 1998.

BUT, if you are over your personal savings allowance, then the taxes you will pay on your savings make saving a deal you could pass.

Remember:

  • Always bear in mind that student loan rates are dependent on interest rates. If the interest rates go up, the loan rates could as well go up too. If this is a concern, I suggest you make sure you have easy access to your savings so that you can repay the loan any time you feel you must.
  • For student loans taken out before 1998, the situation is different because the current savings rates don’t beat the student loan interest rate. Although this could turn around in the future, I won’t blame you if you start thinking about clearing the debt. Before you do, though, kindly read the next section first (#2 below).

2) Avoid Risking A Need For a More Expensive Loan In The Future

In our experience, the overwhelming majority of loan holders that pay their debt early tend to need to borrow again in the future (and do so at much higher rates than before).

After you clear the debt,  you may be debt-free for a while. This could change in the future, though, depending on your changing needs (i.e. you may wish to start a new business).

Paying off your student loan sooner than required, instead of saving, could put yourself at risk of having to replace it after a while with a commercial loan with soaring interest rates.

Let us not forget that the student loan has added advantages you should seriously consider (i.e. if you don’t have enough money to repay, you simply don’t need to pay).

Plus, any loan (even a mortgage), costs more than a student loan over the long run (think of the commercial interest vs. student loan interest).

So, if you believe that you will most likely need to borrow money again in the future, consider focusing on building up your savings. That way, you will need to borrow less from a bank when the time comes.

3) Why Not Put Any Spare Chunks Of Cash Towards a Deposit?

Should I Repay My Student Loan
Source: MSE Forum.

If you have extra cash and are between two options: (1) Save for a mortgage or (2) Pay off your student loan, I suggest you go for the deposit.

Don’t think that having a student loan will hurt your credit score.

First of all, it won’t show up on your credit record (though lenders may ask you if you are making any debt repayments or have any loans.

Secondly, it may cause you to borrow a slightly lower amount as you are making student loan repayment.

Note that these considerations are always taken into account regardless of the type of loan or other financial commitment.

This means that you will have no problem getting a mortgage. In fact, if you decide to save money instead of paying back your cheapest loan ever, you will also have spare cash to put towards a deposit!

Needless to say, you need to have self-control to succeed. If you are not too confident about your ability to keep the money you will save for a future need, then, by all means, do what makes you feel more comfortable.

Better play it safe and overpay the student loan than having debt spiral.

Finally, if you have a pre-1998 student loan and know for sure that you will not need to borrow in the coming months or years, then repaying your student loan is your best option, based on the maths.

How a debt solution could help

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Situation

Monthly income £2,504
Monthly expenses £2,345
Total debt £32,049

Monthly debt repayments

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STEP #2: What Is The Type of Your Student Loan?

From 1990 and onwards, a whole lot of young Brits got student loans. Back then, practically everyone starting higher education was eligible for a student loan.

So, it comes as no surprise that there are graduates that still have them, even if they have finished uni some 25 years ago! This is because, unfortunately, only a handful of these millions of people were properly educated on financial matters back then.

We will start by helping you find the type of your student loan and take it from there.

LOAN TYPE: Income-Contigent Loan

(1998-2011 for English & Welsh Students + post-1998 for Scottish & Northern Irish Students)

Current Rate (since September 2017) 1.25%
You Repay 9% (for earnings over  £17,775)
Impact on Credit Files None
Defer Payment No, but you only repay if your earnings are over £17,775.
Overpay Yes (via bank transfer, cheque or card).

The Student Loans Company (SLC) refers to them as Plan 1 Loans. If you started higher education between 1998 and 2011 (Northern Irish & Scottish students starting after 2012), chances are you have this type of loan.

The interest rate for this academic year (2017-18) is 1.25% and is usually based on March’s inflation rate (RPI – Retail Prices Index) unless the UK base rate +1% is lower.

The base rate +1% is at 1.25% while the inflation rate in March 2017 was 3.1%. If the base rates change, the rate can either drop or increase by mid-year.

Note that this loan’s interest rate is ALWAYS lower than either the rate of inflation or the Bank of England base rate, plus 1%.

The rate of inflation is fixed every start of September based on the RPI measure from the previous March.

However, we need to wait until August each year to have the actual rate officially confirmed.

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REPAYMENT THRESHOLDS

For annual earnings over £17,775, you repay 9%.

So, if, for example, you earn  £19,000, you will repay £110 a year. If your earnings are below the threshold, a monthly repayment will only be deducted if you, somehow, earn over the monthly limit of  £1,481 (i.e. have overtime or bonus earnings).

In this case, wait until the end of the tax year. If your P60 shows total earnings below  £17,775, you can claim the monthly repayment(s) back from the Student Loan Company.

REPAYMENT METHODS

Repayments are given to HMRC (HM Revenue & Customs), which, in turns, pays the Student Loan Company once a year (every March).

Although it may not feel like you are paying only the interest absolutely necessary throughout the year (perhaps, this is because the Student Loan Company applies repayments as if they had received them every month), you actually do.

  • EMPLOYEESThe money is taken from your payroll automatically. It is pretty much the same way taxes are withheld from your payroll. No debt collectors whatsoever. Beware that you must tell your employer if your salary is above £17,775 and the repayments are not being deducted. Your employer will face a £1,000 fine if they don’t deduct payment after you have asked them to.
  • SELF-EMPLOYED – When you do your self-assessment form, you MUST notify HMRC of any payments. Consider part of your income any additional income you may have from dividends, shares or savings interest if the total income from them exceeds £2,000 (this kind of income is counted for repayment purposes). In this case, you WILL need to repay 9% through the self-assessment form.
  • INDIVIDUALS THAT HAVE ALMOST REPAID THE LOAN Call the SLC on 0300 100 0611 and let them know. Since they assess your balance each March, it is impossible for them to know whether you are almost done with repaying the loan. If you don’t notify them, they will continue to take payments, even after the time you have cleared the debt.
  • DIRECT DEBIT PAYMENTS – This is an option for those that have almost paid off the loan. You may choose to leave the PAYE scheme and switch to making payments by direct debit every month until you clear the debt. Now, if you have already overpaid, you can certainly get your money back.

Additional Notes

  • You can use a bank transfer, cheque or card to overpay
  • Although there are no changes due at the moment, if you are on a “post-1998” loan, you will see the amount you need to earn before you start paying (aka repayment threshold) rise with inflation annually. Remember that the inflation rate is based on the RPI inflation rate in the previous March. So, you will pay less back every year (if you don’t have pay rises occurring annually).
  • Regarding the student loan sell-off initiative the Government has put into effect to sell off the remaining £40bn of student loan debt it has, it is believed that the terms of the loans will not be affected. However, this doesn’t rule out a change in older regulations.

STEP #3: What is So Different With Student Loans?

There are 3 fundamental reasons why student loans are an entirely different thing than any other form of borrowing:

1) Student Loans Have No “Real” Interest Cost

Student loans taken out before 1998 and between 1998 and 2012 have no “real” cost of borrowing because the maximum rate you will pay is the rate of inflation (the rate at which prices rise).

This means that if inflation is, say, 5%, something that costs £100 this year will cost £105 next year. This has nothing to do with other forms of borrowing because if inflation is negative, the debt of these loans can actually shrink!

With any form of commercial borrowing, you borrow money, and then pay not only the amount you have borrowed back but also cash on top for fees and interest.

Over the years, that extra money you give add up to hundreds if not thousands of pounds. Yes, inflation is not stable throughout the year. Your repayment rate is, though.

 Note: This does NOT apply to student loans taken out from 2012 onwards.

2) You Repay Only If You Earn Enough

With normal borrowing, nobody cares whether you can afford to make repayments or not.

It is a much different story with student loans, where you only repay if you earn enough money that allows you to repay the debt.

This also applies to the cases when your income drops after you have already started paying. The student loan company will not come asking for the money if you, say, lose your job (unlike other lenders).

Simply put, if you don’t have enough money, you don’t pay.

And, since the loan is set at the rate of inflation, the amount you owe may increase if you stop repaying but it will have no real impact on your finances.

3) Student Loans Have a Fixed Life

Depending on which loan you have taken out, the duration of the loan varies.

The good news is that your debt will be wiped after a specific amount of time (around 30 years), or if you become unfit to work (permanently) or if you die.

This means that, unlike other forms of debts, your debt is NOT passed on to dependents, which is a big deal.

STEP #4: If You Have Multiple Debts, Pay Off the Others First

It is to your best advantage to focus on repaying the debts with the highest interest rate first, rather than your student loan.

This is because the debts with the highest interest rate will grow before you know it, so you do want to make them old news the soonest possible.

So, before doing anything with your student loan, whose interest rate ranges between 1.25% and 3.1%, first pay off the debts coming from other loans, cards, or hire purchase.

Could you legally write off some debt?

Answer below to get started.

How much debt do you have?

This isn’t a full fact find. MoneyNerd doesn’t give advice. We work with The Debt Advice Service who provide information about your options.

References

CONC 2.1 Application

CONC 5.2A Creditworthiness assessment

CONC 13.1 Application

The authors
Scott Nelson Profile Picture
Author
MoneyNerd’s founder, Scott Nelson, has a decade of financial industry experience, including 6 years in FCA regulated loan and credit card companies. Troubled by a lack of conscience in the industry, he founded MoneyNerd to give genuine advice to those in debt and struggling financially.
Janine Marsh Profile Picture
Debt Expert
Janine Marsh is an award-winning presenter and a valuable member of the MoneyNerd team. With a wealth of experience as a financial expert, she's been featured on BBC Radio 4, BBC Local Radio, and BBC Five Live, and is a regular on Co-op Radio.
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